According to the Census 2011, overall literacy rate has increased from 64.8 per cent in 2001 to 74.0 per cent in 2011. Improvement in female literacy has been more rapid than male literacy and the gender gap has declined to 16.7 percentage points in 2011 from 21.6 percentage points in 2001. The mean years of schooling of the working age population (over 15 years) has increased from 4.2 years in 2000 to 5.12 years in 2010. However this remains well below the level in other emerging market countries such as China (8.17 years) and Brazil (7.54 years). Fortunately, the efforts made in expanding access to education in the past 10 years will show up in the form of younger, more educated population entering the labour force replacing the retiring/superannuating older and less-educated individuals. There is a good chance that we can reach an average of 8 years by the end of the Thirteenth Plan.

- Faster, Sustainable and More Inclusive Growth
An Approach to the Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17)
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